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作者: 锄奸队   韓戰爆發時荷蘭剛剛打完三次荷印戰爭,可能是財政上只夠派個營 2021-10-08 09:57:26  [点击:3048]
荷蘭派了五千多人外加派出驅逐艦參戰,加上比利時和盧森堡的軍隊,『低地國家』一共出兵八千多,也是一個相當可觀的力量。

參加韓戰的荷蘭軍人是真正的志願軍。當時的荷蘭有一萬六千多人報名參軍,第一波被挑選出來奔赴前線的只有三千多。有過二戰遊擊戰和荷印戰爭經歷的荷蘭人戰鬥力看來可以,有過把北韓部隊徹底滅掉的經歷

此次出動三艘驅逐艦和一艘護衛艦去黃海和東海,從輔助登陸到炮轟岸上北韓軍,應該也是荷蘭這個昔日海上霸主最後一次派軍艦參加戰爭了。之後的阿富汗戰爭荷蘭仍有參與,但好像沒有動用海軍



從荷蘭海軍參戰經歷看,荷蘭人的介入還是很早的。驅逐艦直接參加了仁川登陸

"Activity of the Navy
The Dutch destroyer, the Evertsen, was attached to the Support Squadron on the Yellow Sea, which was attached mainly with the British Navy, on July 19th. The Evertsen intercepted the enemys supply of armed forces and commodities on the Yellow Sea. Also it called for striking the enemys shore targets from the aircraft carrier. When the Inchon landing was initiated, the destroyer covered the amphibious squadron at Inchons outer port. The Van Galen, which had replaced the Evertsen on April 18, 1951, carried out the operation of bombing the mouth of the Han River and Haeju Bay. On November 18, the destroyer, together with the British fleet, advanced to the East sea, and participated in the operation of blockading Heungnam. After this operation, the Van Galen returned to the Yellow Sea. On January 10th, when the ROK submarine chaser, PC 702, was forced to retreat from the sea near Changrin Island, the Dutch vessel sailed to that location and destroyed the enemys shore fire positions.

The third Dutch destroyer, the Piet Hein, was attached to the Support Squadron on the Yellow Sea. She carried out the mission of defending Cho Island, Baeryong Island, and the mouth of the Han River. The Piet Hein was replaced by the frigate, the Johan Maurits van Naasau on January 18, 1953.On June 6th, the Dutch frigate sailed to the sea near Jinampo, and shelled the enemys shore fire position which had hampered mine sweeping operations. After the armistice, the frigate continued the covering operation in the Yellow Sea.

The Netherlands participated in the Korean war with 5,322 soldiers, 120 of them were killed and 645 wounded. After the armistice the ground forces withdrew from Korea in December, and the Navy in January 1955."

來源:
https://www.the-low-countries.com/article/the-forgotten-battle-of-the-belgians-and-the-dutch-in-the-korean-war
最后编辑时间: 2021-10-08 12:31:06

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