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作者: 新大陆人   一战后,德国与赤俄10年秘密军事合作为元首打下了发动战争基础 2017-12-15 17:11:16  [点击:1259]
一战后,德国与赤俄10年秘密军事合作为元首打下了发动战争军工基础

二战前,英法德各国对赤俄危险并不直正了解,各大国外交政策
首先以国益为第一,其后才是意识形态。因为波兰面对赤俄危险,
作为波兰盟友与担保方,英法支持波兰,对赤俄更加提防与反对。
但是德国就不一样了。战后,波兰从德国与赤俄两国独立出来,
占了两国土地,因此德国与赤俄从20年代开始就想重新平分波
兰,德国与赤俄就有合作念头。
On April 16, 1920, Victor Kopp, the RSFSR's special representative to Berlin, asked at the German Foreign Office whether "there was any possibility of combining the German and the Red Army for a joint war on Poland".[14]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germany%E2%80%93Soviet_Union_relations_before_1941

一战,德国因内部崩溃而认输,但德国大多数人,特别是军方
不服输。没有米国支持,英法两国无法对德国作出类于军管这样
严格有效的监控。同时,英法所要求巨大战争赔偿不但坏了英法
名声,实际也没有得到真正赔偿。德国政府先是狡猾地发钱抵债,
以造成德国超级通账破产可怜样,以此来减债。在米国帮忙下,
英法两国减掉一半的赔偿。

在赔偿上找借口抵掉凡尔赛和约的要求,军事上,德国人则与
赤俄订秘密军事协定,违反凡尔赛和约中对德国进攻武器开发
与人员培训军事限制规定。通过秘密军事协定,德国在赤俄建立
坦克厂,空军飞行培训中心,以此研发与生产新的坦克与飞机,
建立军事学校,特别利用赤俄地广来演习坦克作战理论,古德里安
借此发展坦克理论及闪电战战术。

德国与赤俄秘密军事合作长达10年,对德俄双方都有巨大好处。
元首上台,中止德国与赤俄秘密军事协定,这是因为元首对
赤俄外交是以反犹太共产与植民赤俄的意识形态为主。但元首
要重新武装德国,发动战争计划需要军事与工业支持。军事
方面,在赤俄的秘密基地培训了大量精干人员与作战理论给了
元首扩军极大方便,另一方面,把在赤俄开发的新坦克与飞
机在德国本土工厂加班加点生产就可以。由于这个前期秘密
准备,元首才能在6年时间内迅速地扩展了德国军事力量,一时
超过英法军备,为元首发动战争打下坚实基础。


同样,赤俄也从秘密合作得到巨大好处,赤俄军事工业得到迅速
提升。特别是赤俄从仿制德国坦克中开发出T-34坦克。T-34坦克此后
作为俄军的主战坦克,对俄军反攻德军起到主力作用。

有兴趣有时间可以看英文
German Military in the Soviet Union 1918-1933
https://www.feldgrau.com/WW2-German-Military-Soviet-Union

The covert aspects of the German-Soviet military co-operation agreement all included provisions for joint work on armor matters, aviation matters and chemical warfare issues.

The following guiding principles were key German goals:

Development of advanced military technologies, theoretical study efforts and training programs free from third-party interference.
Development of tactical applications for weapons systems prohibited by the Versailles treaty.
Development and education of an experienced cadre of specialists in all military fields. This cadre group can then be used to establish more formal military capabilities in Germany at a later time.
Development of weapons systems prohibited by Versailles; development of weapons systems available in Germany.
Development of new strategies and tactics based on the lessons learned in the above categories.
Each training class should not last more than one year.

German Bases in the Soviet Union 1922-1933: In 1926, the Germans established a Panzerschule named Kama in Kazan.

In terms of aviation matters, the following approximate timetable applied: In 1921 Germans worked on establishing aviation manufacturing capabilities in the Soviet Union.

In 1924, the Germans established their flight-school in Lipetsk (complementing the one they opened up in Italy).

By 1933, over 1,200 Luftwaffe pilots had been trained at Lipetsk. Of note is that many of the early R&D efforts of the Ju-87 were carried out at Lipetsk. General der Flieger, Helm Speidel, participated in aviation matters there. Later, he would rise to become Rommel's last Chief of Staff and a General in the West German Luftwaffe.
最后编辑时间: 2017-12-15 17:14:27

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